The White Rose
During Adolph Hitler’s rule, a group of students at the University of Munich formed White Rose, a resistance movement. When they were younger, a few of the members had been part of the Hitler Youth and the Union of German Girls, groups with the goal of spreading party loyalty and Nazi ideals. Eventually, they became disillusioned with Nazism, and began reading anti-Nazi sermons. They also started to attend classes taught by Kurt Huber, a Philosophy and Musicology professor whose lectures included disguised criticisms of Nazism. As they witnessed the apathy of German citizens to the Nazi crimes and heard of the mass murder of Polish Jews, their disillusionment grew.
Hans Scholl, Alexander Schmorell, Christoph Probst, and Willi Graf were medical students; their studies were interrupted by compulsory military service. In April 1942, Willi Graf met Alexander Schmorell and Hans Scholl before the three of them were sent to the Eastern Front in July. Schmorell, who spoke Russian, could communicate with the Russians to learn more of what was going on. During their service, they also witnessed the abuse of Jewish laborers and heard about the extermination of the Jews and the Poles. This exacerbated their desire to do something.